Basic Introduction To Process Automation Control System
The emergence of modern process technology gave rise to rapid improvement with wide array of advanced applications of automated control system ranging from home use to commercial and industrial automated processes. An automation system generally comprises the use of computer system connected to peripheral devices that are basically a combination of software and hardware designed to do a dedicated function with minimum manual interruption, thereby reducing erroneous human interactions. The advantage of the application of automation systems is also known to serve the purpose of process improvement aimed to reduce production cost and processing time. Automation system is a booming technology in various fields like industrial automation, home appliances, automobiles and aeronautics.
The implementation of SCADA (Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition) in conjunction with a microcomputer device known as the PLC (Programmable Logic Controller) which both contains programmed instructions are widely used in industrial automation to manage large-scale industrial systems on factory floors or in military installations or chemical and power plants. But not everyone seems to understand what an automation system is all about, not realizing that this very system has already begun to dominate every aspect of our way of life, from intelligent talking car accessories to automatic remote control of home appliances for home automation, or an automated HVAC (heating ventilation and air conditioning) in building automation which would most certainly use temperature control system with PID control unit, and integrated robotics as a significant advancement in the design of machinery, so it is worth knowing a thing or two about what automation system is all about and what we humans must know to effectively understand and control the multitude of devices invented everyday that we are already becoming so unaware about.
For many years, we have seen the use of robotic technology in manufacturing plant operations, everyone of us are aware of this, but have you ever wondered what makes a robot work, or have you also wondered what makes the electric locomotive operate with such accuracy and precision on your regular commute to and from work everyday, are you also aware that the once high demand of telephone operators have been replaced by automated telephone switchboards and answering machines, and do you also realized that the invention of the automated teller machines revolutionized the method of bank transactions by reducing the need for frequent bank visits. If you were at some point curious enough about such technological innovations then congratulations for taking the first step to gaining some interest in the field of process automation system. Automation system such as those found in assembly plants and manufacturing facilities involves a tedious process of conceptualizing, designing, simulating, fabricating and programming to achieve the exact requirement gained through experience, know-how and collaborated efforts.
Learning the basics about process automation is invaluable for pursuing a career or hobby in industry automation. If you are beginning to understand and develop some interest in finding solutions to technical problems, or in conducting experiments and collect data and do calculations, to build and setup equipment, design and develop products, anyone of these would most certainly get you inclined to learn PLC programming, PID process control, setup and installation of SCADA systems, which are all inter-related to developing your skills and knowledge in process automation systems.